SURROUNDING: Mammoth Cave!

Introduction This is a journey log.  One of culture, history, and scientific exploration.  A recognition that, when we focus on the significant, we often ignore the peripheral things of interest.  And there is much to learn about in those places. I love Kentucky, its people, its culture, and its landforms.  And I love the fact [...]

Giants of Gas and Ice

GIANTS OF GAS AND ICE We pass by, as if we fly, or if you wish to sail the sky, within your craft a sailboat be, atop the solar sea beside. Remember Apollo 8 and the first picture of "Earth-Rise" beyond the moon. You are farther away now. In the realm of giants! They are [...]

The Rocky Planets

THE ROCKY PLANETS Why do you want to get off this one? There are no gods to visit on those spinning orbs, and they are not very nice places on which to live. Let's take a quick look in our scientific shuttle. THE SUN Nope. Don't want to go there. Nuclear explosions. Fusion. The conversion [...]

The Family Human-part 3

THE FAMILY HUMAN - part 3Neanderthal PeopleThe excitement began when bones were first discovered in the Neander Valley in Germany in 1856. It was Homo neanderthalensis, a cousin that evolved in Eurasia about 450,000 years ago.Neanderthal People had been widespread in Europe and Asia, and living strong and long before our species arose in the [...]

The Family Human-Part 2

  THE FAMILY HUMAN - Part 2 Homo habilis   The "Handy Man," Homo habilis, was discovered in the Olduvai Gorge of East Africa. Upright and capable of making primitive "pebble stone" choppers from 2.5 million years ago. "Oldowan" tools, we call them. That was a long time ago. Handy Man never left Africa. But [...]

The Family Human, Part 1

THE FAMILY HUMAN, Part 1 Well, Huwoman in actuality. Without the latter, you don't get the former. Hominids for this essay. The family Hominidae includes the Great Apes: Orangutans, Gorillas, and Chimpanzees. Humans are also classified as Great Apes. And we act that way sometimes. We are all in the Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, Class [...]